the original cabin had a large seat inlay which made the bed impossible to sleep in.The port side cabin on Britannia was an odd layout, that I would only loosely call a “traditional concept” and hardly suitable for sleeping in.

The configuration was ridiculous! A large 36” inch wide by 19” inch deep section was removable out of the bed to produce a seat, and when this was used as a seat the actual bed was an absurdly narrow 12” inches wide in the center! This meant the infill had to be in place all the time the bed was used and never as a separate seat, like it can be in the V berth in the forward cabin

The foot of the bed was a tight fit until the cupboards were removed.Another reason why the bed was so narrow was the row of four lockers along the side of the hull. These were poky little spaces with doors that could not even be opened when the bed was made up because they opened flush with the mattress. Above these was a shelf edged with pin-rail that looked very nice, but there was only 4” inches between the pin rail and the turn of the hull to put things on the shelf, and it wasn't even possible to put a book there. This was also the only one of the three cabins that did not have a hanging locker. The single 120-volt AC power socket was at the foot of the bed and difficult to reach. So if you wanted to change, say an I-phone overnight, you had to slither to the foot of the bed to plug it in. Why wasn't the plug installed at the head of the bed??

It was an altogether impractical and badly thought out cabin layout, but I had become used to this as I worked through altering and modernizing Britannia. In so many places it was as though the designer and builders had little practical knowledge of real sailboats, or even simple ergonomics.

I decided to make a few changes...

The first thing I did was dismantle the side lockers. I removed the full length pin-rail from the shelf by drilling out twenty teak plugs and stainless wood screws, (it was only 80-inches long!). I did the same with the locker doors and their framework and removed the whole lot. This widened the bed space by 8” inches all along its length, and the immediate effect was to make the cabin seem larger.

The original vinyl covering on the sides and ceiling was faded and torn in places, so I stripped it all out with a box cutter exposing the hull and underside of the deck. This entailed twisting out literally hundreds of staples spaced about one inch apart by hand with long-nosed pliers. It has never ceased to amaze me how many screws and staples were used in the construction of these Down East boats, in many instances dozens more than necessary. No wonder Britannia came in at twenty two tons!

To re-cover the cabin sides I bought two 4’ foot by 8  foot sheets of Plas-Tex plastic (PVC) paneling. This is 1/16” inch thick and very pliable, waterproof, washable and easily trimmed with scissors or a box cutter. I have used this material throughout the boat, to replace all the faded original vinyl side panels.

Templates were make for the new sidewall panels.I removed the two Portlights then made templates of the upper and lower sides using art board. Making throw-away templates is tedious, but it is the only way to ensure an accurate fit on a boat with its many angles and hardly ever any straight edges. What seems straight on the boat can be very irregular and it is amazing how a template looks when lying flat on the ground. I transferred my templates to the plastic sheets on the marina dock and cut them out, then glued them to the side of the cabin with contact adhesive. For this I prefer the gel type adhesive that doesn't “string” like the regular type, that can be a problem when gluing upside-down. I made “props and boards” to hold the underneath part of the side in place while the glue hardened. Replacing and re-caulking the ports also helped to hold the new covering in place.

The original lighting for this cabin was also totally inadequate, being just a single 12-volt DC dome light and a small 12-volt reading light in the corner. Before fitting a new ceiling to the overhead I wired a second dome light in with the original. I also installed two 120-volt AC sconce lights on the walls, wired into the boats 120-volt circuit. These pretty little inexpensive lamps came from my local hardware store. I A light switch which was for 12 and 120 volt lights.connected both sets of lights through a twin rocker switch mounted near the door. This is a regular household double switch that can be completely isolated one switch from the other by snapping the bridging connection. I wired the top rocker to the 120-volt AC sconces and the bottom to the 12-volt DC dome lights. Wall switches near the doors are much more practical than groping in the dark for the tiny overhead dome light switches. The lights can now be switched on and off from the wall switch or individually from their respective lamp switches.

New overhead lockers offer excellent storage for extra pillows or bedding.While rewiring the lighting I also installed a twin 120-volt AC power socket at the bed head - not the foot.

The cabin was now beginning to look a lot more functional and clean, but there was still the bare overhead ceiling to deal with. To re-cover this overhead I used tongue and grooved plastic (PVC) boards that I have used throughout the rest of the boat. It is called Plank Paneling and designed as wainscot panels for houses. An important benefit on a boat is the rot and mildew free lifetime guarantee, along with the ability to clean it with soap and water. The thickness also gives better thermal insulation through a hot deck than thin vinyl material. The dome light screwed into a piece of plywood embedded into the ceiling also helped to secure the new ceiling panels.

This corner shelf is just a way to give a little extra storage for books etc.With 6’ feet 8” inches headroom the cabin had plenty of height, so I decided to reposition two of the original locker doors and frame above the bed head to form a large storage locker. I cut a base from a 1/2” inch sheet of plywood and supported it with battens screwed to the bulkhead and sides. I also glued a sheet of teak veneer to the underside and varnished it to match the bulkhead. Then I fitted two of the old lockers to the front to make a large storage space that did not effect the bed in any way. My wife didn't want any dividers in the locker, to allow maximum access for bedding and pillows she wanted to store in this large dry area. It has much more cubic capacity than all four original side lockers combined, and very much more accessible. I fitted the new dome light where it can be switched on and off when in bed.Removal of the side cupboards added 9" inches to the width of the bed.

I didn't want the silly seat arrangement at all, so I took it to pieces by twisting out another pile of staples in the plywood base to get to the foam inside. Next I totally dismantled the seat support framework exposing a large space that was just too big to be left un-utilized. After fitting a base in the bottom to cover the heavy wires passing along the cabin floor I hinged the original panel below the seat with a piano hinge to allow it to open downwards. I then mounted the other two original locker doors and frames above this and installed a shelf. My wife had the brilliant idea of simply hinging the plywood top flush with the bunk boards, to allow total access from the top for larger items. The edge was finished off with a straight teak fiddle. In total this modification added more than ten cubic feet of storage under the bed, Along with the lockers above the bed this added a massive thirteen cubic feet of extra storage in this cabin alone.

An extra door gave access to the hnging locker. The bed was now much larger, but I was still determined to squeeze as much extra space as I could from the area. A two foot deep locker protruded into the cabin with an access door in the fo’c’sle that I used as a Bosun's locker. I tapered the back of the locker and gained another 5” inches of width at the foot of the bed. Along with 8” inches gained by removing the side lockers, the foot of the bed was now 12” inches wider. Every little little bit helped.

The cabin still had no hanging locker, so I decided to transfer everything from my bosun's locker into the new space under the bed. I then removed the three shelves in the bosun's locker and fitted a louvered door into the cabin that was left over from remodeling the forward head. This large hanging locker can now be accessed from both the fo’c’sle and port cabins. I also fitted a shelf at the end of the bed, just below the Portlight, (having first made a template) and faced it with pin rail. It is an ideal book storage shelf.

Kati had previously removed the cover from the bed foam to machine wash it. I glued the original seat foam inlay permanently to the bed foam with contact adhesive, along with extra foam to infill the space gained by removing the side lockers and at the foot of the bed. This enlarged sheet of foam was too unwieldy to handle in one piece so I cut it in half. Then Kati made completely new covers to form a bed measuring 54” inches wide at the head, (US double) and 27” inches at the foot and 81” inches long.

Something that is rarely mentioned in projects like this is the time and patience it takes to “finish” the trim. This is especially time consuming when re-using much of the 35 year old original wood, as I did on this alteration and indeed in most of the rest of the boat. The original lockers and all the teak faced plywood had multiple layers of varnish that looked like they had just been slapped on top of each other over the years. This had to be stripped to bare wood then re-varnished to make everything look uniform and presentable in the new construction. For this I used nearly a gallon of Goof-Off semi-paste paint stripper and a lot of elbow grease. I glued more than fifty teak wood plugs into recessed screw holes, shaved them smooth and varnished them to match the surrounding wood.

The Plas-Tex plastic sheets on the cabin sides needed the edges trimmed, that I made from surplus teak strip then varnished. It also took two whole days to cut, varnish, and fit trim round corners and joints that I had not quite managed to match as accurately as I liked. It took a complete gallon of white gloss to put two coats of paint on all the new shelves, and the inside of the hanging locker.

This finishing off process took nearly as long as the alterations.

The cabin has now been completely transformed and is much more comfortable. It makes an excellent sea birth, being amidships and subject to very little fore and aft movement. This alteration can be seen on the before and after drawings


A study in ergonomics


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The port side cabin was completely changed from the small size bed in the original boat. I tnow has a  double bed and more storage lockers.